19 October 2016 – 16 January 2017
From the emperors of China – great intercessors between Heaven and 4 Earth -, who considered it a natural jewel, up to Cartier and the leading London and New York jewellers who sublimated it in the 20th century in the Art Déco creations inspired by the Chinese taste, jade remains this eternal and mythical stone, an object of fascination and absolute power for the sovereign.
Some 330 exceptional pieces will be assembled for the first time in France, coming from 15 prestigious national and international institutions including the National Palace Museum, Taipei, which is lending almost a third of the works on display. A unique opportunity for the MNAAG to present this “beautiful stone”, “the image of goodness” for Confucius, and unfold the millennial history that, since the Neolithic Period up to the 1920s, has constantly pondered over its beauty, its virtue, its symbol and its prestige.
A major expression of Chinese civilisation and a many-facetted material, jade belongs to the most ancient history of Chinese art. A tablet from the Neolithic Longshan culture (2300 – 1800 B.C.) evokes the precious lapidary who accompanied the emperor Qianlong all his life, for poems and seals to be engraved on the most beautiful jades of his collection.
The exhibition will strive to render jade since its origin and throughout its historical and geographic epopee and will touch on its symbolic, aesthetic, and scientific aspects. For the first time it will bring together, beside a selection of MNAAG jade works, two prestigious Chinese imperial collections never before shown together: those of the National Palace Museum, Taipei and those of the Château of Fontainebleau, forming an exceptional ensemble, enriched by numerous loans from the Louvre, the Musée des Arts décoratifs, the Musée Jacquemart-André, the Muséum d’Histoire naturelle…
Contemplated in the form of simple polished tablets offered as princely gifts, animal motifs drawn from an imperial bestiary, bowls, brush pots on the theme of literati or, in a more warlike manner, formidably sharp blades, jade is not only prized by emperors of China, sultans of Samarkand, Mughal sovereigns and Safavid shahs of Iran. For the Chinese it is more precious than gold and it enjoys an incomparable appeal in Europe, when Eastern jades appeared in the French royal collections in the 17th century, as attested by Cardinal Mazarin’s exceptional bowl.
The “Chinese Museum” of Fontainebleau formed by the Empress Eugénie presents the last jades, especially of the Qing Period (1644 – 1911), to enter the collections of the French sovereigns and coming from the sack of the Summer Palace in Peking. Later, Art Déco took over all the themes and all the periods of Chinese art, respecting in each “fragment of ancient art” the natural glow of jade, rock crystal or lacquer.
To the delight of women of fashion, in the early 20th century the Maison Cartier wrote a new episode in the taste for China in Paris, raising fine jewellery to its greatest level of excellency. This is shown by the exceptional jewels worn by some celebrities in the early century: the countess and art patron Mona Bismarck, the American Barbara Hutton whose necklace made of 27 beads of jadeite, inlaid with platinum, gold, diamond and ruby, will be displayed in the exhibition.
The exhibition will close on a large Coromandel lacquer screen produced under the reign of the emperor Kangxi (1662 – 1722), a furnishing item much sought after by the 18th-century European aristocracy.
In a set design inspired by China, punctuated with openwork wood exhibition screens, jade, in the entrance gallery of the exhibition, will lend itself to the visitors’ “touch”: two stone blocks, one rough and the other polished, are available to visitors, so each one will be able to feel all the richness of the material, together firm, soft, smooth, veined.
The exhibition is made possible by the exceptional loan from the National Palace Museum, Taipei.
President of MNAAG
Sophie Makariou, curator in charge
Marie-Catherine Rey, general curator
Huei-Chung Tsao, associate researcher
Co-edition MNAAG/ Somogy
Jade, from the Emperors to Art Déco
Edited by Huei-Chung Tsao
Prefaces: Sophie Makariou, President of the MNAAG and Lin Jeng-yi, Director of the National Palace Museum, Taipei
French and English versions
288 pages/ 277 illustrations
Public sales price French version:
38 € TTC
Public sales price English version:
45 € TTC
Jade, from the Emperors
to Art Déco
MNAAG/ Somogy Edition d’art
Edited by Huei-Chung Tsao and